July 1970, Cuban-trained revolutionaries from Argentina formed the People’s Revolutionary Army (ERP). Following the 1970 election of Salvador Allende, the ERP began using neighboring Chile as its support base. Over the course of the next few years, the ERP engaged in an extraordinarily successful series of violent criminal and terrorist acts. Bank robberies, murder, the kidnapping and shooting of a US State Department official and the kidnapping of corporate executives and subsequent extortion of over $20 million in ransom from US corporations became ERP trademarks. Given the scale and intensity of the ERP’s violent acts, many members of the ERP were subsequently captured or sought sanctuary in Cuba.