Extract from Arturo Lopez-Levy’s article, “The Latin American Gorilla”
Room to Maneuver on Cuba?
Another example of how changes in U.S. Latino groups can change the context of policymaking occurred in Cuban-American Miami. For years, Cuban-Americans have voted Republican for president and sent to Congress pro-embargo legislators like Reps. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and Mario Diaz-Balart, who oppose Cuban-American travel to the island, and Sen. Marco Rubio, who has filibustered presidential nominations in retaliation for alleged “abuse” of people-to-people travel.
But Obama won a record share of the Cuban-American vote (47 percent to Romney’s 48 percent), showing the power of a new bloc of Cubans consisting both of recent immigrants and Americans of more distant Cuban descent. This bloc rejected the McCarthyism propaganda of the pro-embargo right-wing forces, enabling the president to campaign on more liberal U.S. policies toward the island.
For the first time, the election resulted in victories for candidates favorable to greater contact between the Cuban-American community and the island. In one closely contested House race, Democrat Joe García defeated Republican Rep. David Rivera, one of the most fervent supporters of the embargo. The evolution of García, a former director of the Cuban American National Foundation who now supports Cuban-American cultural exchanges, is evidence of the moderation now prevailing among a major component of the Cuban-American elite.
The same tendency was seen in the election to the Florida state Legislature of José Javier Rodriguez, a Democrat who supports exchanges between the Cuban-American community and the island. García will enter the House just as Rep. Ros-Lehtinen leaves the chairmanship of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, in line with the Republican caucus’s term limits.
Outside of Florida, the elections had ambiguous results. In Texas, voters elected Republican Ted Cruz, a Cuban-American who will join fellow embargo supporters Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) and Bob Menendez (D-N.J.) in the Senate. On the Cuba issue, however, Cruz’s victory is offset by that of Arizona Republican Jeff Flake, who has been the most consistent anti-embargo voice in the U.S. House in the past decade.
All told, Obama owes nothing to the pro-embargo lobbyists who accused his administration of “unilateral appeasement” toward Havana and paid for spurious campaign ads connecting the president with Raul Castro’s daughter and Hugo Chavez. Now it’s payback time. Anti-embargo groups should work to ensure that the virtuous cycle represented by increased travel and the creation of communities who are interested in new ties with Cuba can continue for four more years.
The messages that have been sent out from a more plural Miami, combined with greater flexibility in Obama’s second term, offer the president more maneuvering room for a rational treatment of the Cuba issue. Taking Cuba off the State Department list of terrorist countries would be a symbolic first step in the right direction. Cuba, as the rest of Latin America, was not absent from the election; the voters put it into play.
Arturo Lopez-Levy is a doctoral candidate at the Josef Korbel School of International Studies of the University of Denver.
Read the entire article here: http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/opinion/the-latin-american-gorilla-318169.html