Brazil Spied on Iran’s Ambassador to Cuba, Russian Diplomats, Others 2

Brazilian Agency Spied on Foreign Workers

By Lucas Ferraz, Folha de S. Paulo


The Brazilian government’s main espionage branch spied on three foreign diplomats at embassies and in their homes, says a report by ABIN (Brazilian Intelligence Agency).

The report includes details on ten secret operations between 2003 and 2004 and shows that even countries with which Brazil has attempted closer relations in recent years, such as Russia and Iran, were targets of ABIN.

It also says Russian diplomats involved in negotiations to purchase military equipment were photographed and followed on trips.

The same occurred with employees of the Iranian embassy, followed so that ABIN could identify their contacts in Brazil. The report also shows that ABIN agents followed Iraqi diplomats on foot and by car to photograph them and record their activities at the embassy and at their homes.

The Presidency’s Institutional Security Cabinet, to which ABIN is subordinate, confirmed the operations and said they were carried out according to the Brazilian legislation.

The Brazilian government says they were counterintelligence operations, that is, they sought to protect secrets in Brazil’s interest.

During the “Miucha” operation in 2003, ABIN followed the routine of three Russian diplomats, including the former general consul in Rio, Anatoly Kashuba, who left the country in the same year, and representatives of the Rosoboronexport, the Russian weapon export agency.

The “Xá” operation monitored the routines and contacts of Iranian diplomats – ABIN followed the steps of Iran’s then-ambassador in Cuba, Seyed Davood Mohseni Salehi Monfared, during a visit to Brazil between April 9 and 14, 2004.

An ABIN agent who examined the report at Folha’s request said the Iranians were likely followed at another country’s request, a typical cooperation between intelligence agencies.

The report also shows that the Brazilian government spied on the Iraqi embassy after Iraq was invaded by the U.S. in 2003.

Translated by Thomas Muello


  1. As the world is progressing and the global economic status of countries grows so does their Intelligence and espionage capabilities.Brazil is economically growing and like China is looking to globalize their influences in Latin America however there are other countries that are not world superpowers that are willing to serve as proxy for superpowers and they get involve in Espionage operations in lieu or support of the Superpower nations,like Cuba for instance.
    Brazil with a socialist political system and with their government’s support to Communist nations like Venezuela,Bolivia and Cuba should be taken in consideration.The world is in a constant change so are the countries policies towards other countries.Brazil for instance has a far grater espionage capability than let’s say Bolivia and if Brazil create tensions it could get other countries involved and affect the stability of the South American region.

  2. At the end of the cold war,China has being pushing to become a Superpower.China is trying to transform its Navy from a simple regional Navy into a Deep Ocean Navy as well as expanding its Air force.In the economic arena,China is trying to fill the void left from other powers in Latin America.China is increasing its area of interest to the Caribbean,Central and South America to possibly displace the competition from any other Developing nation(s) competing for the same Market. Brazil is developing the same manner as China.The only difference is that the South American Continent has being volatile for centuries with wars between South American countries which obviously Brazil has being a part off.The South American Continent has history of Armament race between countries and I’m not surprised that Brazil is actively conducting espionage.We must remember that Cuba has relations with Brazil and not long ago they were exchanging “doctors” and it may be possible that the Brazilian Government may be borrowing expertise from the Cuban Intelligence Services on espionage operations.

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