“Retired” Cuban Spy Pontificates on Cuban Support to Terrorism Reply

Cuba and the List of Countries That Promote Terrorism

By Jesús Arboleya Cervera, appearing in Progreso Semanal/Weekly

HAVANA – Every year, the U.S. Department of State publishes a list of “countries that promote terrorism” that serves as a basis for Washington’s policy toward them. The list includes a set of sanctions established by Congress. Many are the questions that arise from this practice. In the first place, the very concept of “terrorism” has yet to be defined by the international organizations of justice and the United Nations, due to the political manipulation to which it is subjected.

In other words, the U.S. government describes as “terrorist” whoever it sees fit and omits others who might deserve the description but whose inclusion is inconvenient. For example, Afghanistan was invaded in 2002 at the start of the “world war against terrorism,” yet it doesn’t appear on the list. Many believe that the United States itself could be on the list, if the list were made up with rigor and fairness. In sum, more than a moral condemnation, the list of countries that promote terrorism is a boast of unilateral power, whose true importance is to announce where the shots are coming from.

Cuba has been included since 1982 because of its support for the revolutionary movements in Central America. It is revealing that it was precisely the administration of Ronald Reagan that took the initiative, while at the same time he was promoting a “low-intensity” war in the region that led to his condemnation in the International Court of Justice. Later, he was rebuked by Congress itself, due to the Iran-Contra scandal. Anyhow, even after those conflicts were over, Cuba remained on the grim list. Other excuses were used then, such as saying that Cuba sheltered fugitives of U.S. justice in the 1970s, gave refuge to members of the Basque group ETA, and “offered medical aid and political assistance” to combatants in the Colombian FARC.

Various international analysts, legal institutions and American politicians have for years refuted the legal pertinence of those arguments, so I’ll simply quote recent statements by Congressman Jim McGovern, in which he made clear that the abovementioned fugitives never committed terrorist acts and that the ETA members are in Cuba at the request of the Spanish government itself. As if that weren’t enough, Havana at present is the site for the peace talks between the Colombian guerrillas and the Colombian government, as it has been previously, throughout the years. {emphasis added]

The Congressman also said that, due to the state of relations between the two countries, there are no extradition accords that justify that complaint. I should add that, if negotiations to that effect were to begin (as the Cuban government once proposed), the list submitted by Cuba would include hundreds of people who have actually committed terrorist acts against Cuba, among them the notorious Luis Posada Carriles.

In truth, the inclusion of Cuba on the list of countries that promote terrorism cannot withstand any serious scrutiny. Years ago, due to the weight of reality, Cuba abandoned the practice of supporting armed revolutionary movements, whose denomination as “terrorists,” from a historic perspective, is as questionable as the American list.
But that’s not what the problem is about. Cuba’s inclusion on the list is an excuse to keep up the belligerence promoted by the American far right, especially the Cuban-American groups that serve as activists in Congress and various public opinion media in that country. Even if Raúl Castro became Mahatma Gandhi, those people would consider him a terrorist anyway.

The current debate has to do with the U.S. policy toward Cuba in the current circumstances. On one side are those who advocate maintaining the economic blockade and as many punitive measures as possible; on the other, those who posit that this policy is counterproductive for U.S. interests. It should be said that, except for some exceptions, the argument is the same: the efficacy of the method to achieve a “regime change” on the island. It has nothing to do with the truth.

For those who promote change, Cuba’s elimination from the list constitutes one of the most favorable targets. It is not based on reality; its arbitrariness affects the credibility of Washington’s policy against terrorism. Also, the decision, in whatever direction, rests entirely on the government, including the State Department, without involving the President directly. This does not mean that it will be a simple task. There will be a big hubbub from the conservatives; more than one functionary will be subjected to third-degree interrogations in Congress; some laws and appointments will be used as exchange currency to revert the decision. We shall then see if Obama’s administration is willing to face the storm in order to proceed with the change it proposes.

As a result, for more than its practical importance, inasmuch as the sanctions against the island exceed what’s established in the provisions, Cuba’s elimination from the list of countries that promote terrorism would serve as an indicator of this willingness, placing us on a stage that’s qualitatively different, where the adoption of more transcendental measures could be possible.

Some in Cuba believe – with reason – that what’s proposed is a bear hug. I think a hug is preferable to a bite. Besides, wishes don’t necessarily come true, and the simple fact of recognizing that Washington’s current policy toward Cuba is not viable shows us how times have changed and proves that our resistance was worthwhile, as phrased by Manuel Calviño, a famous Cuban psychologist on his television program.

Editor’s Note: Colonel Jesus Arboleya Cervera was identified by DGI Captain Jesus Perez Mendez after his defection in 1983. Arboleya, who served as a Second Secretary at the Cuban Mission to the United Nations in New York City before transferring to the Washington-based Cuban Interests Section, was also identified by convicted spy Carlos Alvarez. During his tour, Arboleya was the architect of the 1970’s US-Cuba normalization drive, which almost succeeded in 1977 following the formation of a group of prominent Cuban-Americans who called themselves the Committee of 75. Although headed by respectable Cuban-Americans, including two clerics and several businessmen, the Committee was DGI-inspired. According to Senate testimony of March 12, 1982, at the time, Arboleya may have been the longest serving DGI officer in the United States.

Since Colonel Arboleya promoted the subject of Havana’s role in peace talks (see “emphasis added” above), be sure to read about the following posts discussing the exploitation of peace talks by Cuba’s spies:

Cuba Dupes UPI; Uses Peace Talks to Hide Decades of Support to FARC Terrorists, December 14, 2012, https://cubaconfidential.wordpress.com/2012/12/14/cuba-dupes-upi-uses-peace-talks-to-hide-decades-of-support-to-farc-terrorists/

Cuba’s Terrorist Allies Open Peace Talks With Enraged Rhetoric, October 19, 2012, https://cubaconfidential.wordpress.com/2012/10/19/cubas-terrorist-allies-open-peace-talks-with-enraged-rhetoric/

Colombia Nears Possible FARC Peace Talks, August 28, 2012, https://cubaconfidential.wordpress.com/2012/08/28/colombia-nears-possible-farc-peace-talks/


Cuba’s Designation as a State Sponsor of Terrorism Reaffirms The Regime’s Long Standing Threat to U.S. National Security Interests, Says Ros-Lehtinen 1

(WASHINGTON) – U.S. Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Chairman of the Middle East and North Africa Subcommittee, released the following statement regarding Cuba’s designation as a State Sponsor of Terrorism. Statement by Ros-Lehtinen:

“I am relieved that the State Department spokesman stated today that it is not true that Cuba is being considered to be taken off the State Sponsor of Terrorism list. The Castro brothers align themselves with the likes of Ahmadinejad of Iran, al-Assad of Syria, Qaddafi of Libya before his death, along with terrorist groups, such as the FARC and the ETA. Just this week, Ali Saeedlou, Vice-President for International Affairs for fellow State Sponsor of Terrorism Iran, is in Cuba visiting the Castro brothers to expand its collaboration between these pariah states.

No one can ignore the well documented threats of the Cuban Intelligence Service (CIS). CIS has a longstanding record of expanding their active espionage operation against the U.S. The WASP network was an example of Cuban spies sent to the U.S. to harm our interests and kill American citizens. The Cuban Five were convicted of trying to penetrate U.S. military installations and the Ana Belen Montes case reaffirmed the intention of the Castro regime to compromise U.S. national security operations and activities. Montes also provided highly classified information to the Cuban regime which is believed to have caused the death of U.S. servicemen operating in Latin America. The Cuban regime also harbors fugitives of the U.S. justice system, including cop killers, and continues to provide support for Iran’s nuclear ambitions.

It is important to keep Cuba on the list of State Sponsors of Terrorism because the secretive and dangerous regime conspires with extremist elements around the world and, due to its proximity to the US, poses a threat to our national security.”

Does Castro Control Colombia’s FARC? 1

Posted: 22 Jan 2013 08:13 AM PST, Courtesy — Capitol Hill Cubans

Not even the most purposefully ignorant can today deny that the Castro dictatorship controls Venezuela’s government.

In the same vein, does anyone really believe it doesn’t also control Colombia’s FARC terrorists?

As a reminder, in 2011, the FARC named Timoleon Jimenez, a hardliner known as Timochenko, as its new leader.

Timochenko, who received military and political training in Cuba, has always been considered among the most uncompromising FARC leaders, according to Colombian intelligence services.

Chavez’s treatment and the so-called FARC peace negotiations — both in Havana — are more than mere coincidences. They are about power and control by the Castros. Some habits die hard.

From the Wall Street Journal:

Colombia’s FARC Rebels Blow Up Pipeline

Colombia’s largest rebel insurgency blew up an oil pipeline in the south of the country, an attack that underscored the end Sunday of a two-month unilateral cease-fire declared by the guerrilla group during peace talks with the government that could end five decades of bloody conflict.

An official with state-run oil firm Ecopetrol SA said the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, known by the Spanish acronym FARC, were likely behind the attack against the Transandino pipeline, which can transport 46,000 barrels a day and is located in the southern province of Putumayo.

The bombing against the pipeline, which took place Sunday evening, is an opening salvo that marks the end of two months of relatively few military actions by the FARC. The guerrilla group declared a unilateral cease-fire in November during peace negotiations with the government that are taking place in Cuba.

The government has been girding for what it says could be a wave of attacks by the guerrillas designed to strengthen their position in the negotiation table now that the cease-fire is over. Attacks against the country’s shaky oil-transportation infrastructure can be especially damaging to the Colombian economy, which relies heavily on oil exports.

A surge in bombings against oil pipelines is one of the main reasons for why the country’s oil production slowed in 2012 and was unable to keep up with the double-digit growth seen in previous years.

Cuba Dupes UPI; Uses Peace Talks to Hide Decades of Support to FARC Terrorists 2

Latin American Support for Cuba Grows

BOGOTA, Dec. 12 (UPI) — Support for Cuba’s inclusion in Latin American regional conferences and organizations is growing amid renewed links reinforcing the Caribbean nation’s ties with Moscow. Cuba emerged as a power broker behind the scenes as it hosted peace talks between Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia rebel group and Colombia, a U.S. ally increasingly in favor of an end to the U.S. embargo Cuba. Recent contacts also drew Cuba into networks including the Union of South American Nations. [emphasis added]

But the FARC talks carry a special prize for Havana. If a peace deal brokered in Cuba leads to FARC joining Colombia’s political process, it will raise questions about the U.S. embargo, the longest in history. A peace deal would be a major diplomatic achievement for President Raul Castro’s government and a blow to Washington’s attempts to punish Cuba aiding FARC, one of several reasons the embargo has lasted so long, globalpost.com said. The FARC insurgency was partly inspired by Fidel Castro‘s 1959 takeover but the government of the Castro brothers over the years “has paid a steep price for its links to the Colombian rebels,” globalpost.com said. Some FARC rebels are said to be living in Cuba. [emphasis added]

As the talks began FARC offered a cease-fire to Jan. 20, 2013, but Bogota vowed to continue attacks on suspected FARC strongholds. If Cuba can make the cease-fire permanent and help deliver a peace deal, FARC would likely be transformed into a legitimate political party in Colombia, globalpost.com said. That would make Cuba’s inclusion on the terror list obsolete, “even if anti-Castro hard-liners in the U.S. Congress try to block a change,” the website said. “More broadly, a resolution to the Colombia conflict would bring Cuba full circle, from regional outcast during the Cold War — when Havana armed and supported guerrilla movements throughout the hemisphere — to Latin American peacemaker.” [emphasis added]

Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos has set November 2013 as the deadline for an agreement. More than 600,000 people died in FARC-related violence in Colombia since 1964. Alongside FARC peace talks, Colombia has been supporting Cuba’s inclusion in regional Latin American conferences and organizations. Strong support for Cuba has also come from Brazil after President Dilma Rousseff offered Cuba a multibillion-dollar trade, economic and technical assistance program. Colombian Vice President Angelino Garzon was reported calling for an end to the U.S embargo.

Meanwhile, Russia has stepped up business contacts with Cuba, following direct air links with proposals for a joint airline. A joint airline will give Russia greater access to Latin American countries, Rossiyskaya Gazeta government-run newspaper said, quoting Deputy Transport Minister Sergey Aristov. Traffic from Russia to Cuba is growing every year, Ministry of Industry and Trade head Denis Manturov told the newspaper. In 2011, 80,000 Russian citizens visited the island.

Editor’s Note:  For information on 50 years of Cuban’s support to Colombia’s FARC, see Chris Simmons’ Congressional testimony from May 17, 2012, http://foreignaffairs.house.gov/112/HHRG-112-FA07-WState-SimmonsC-20120517.pdf

For information on the Castro regime’s long history of using its intelligence services to subvert peace negotiations involving allied guerrilla groups, see:  Manipulating the Contadora Peace Process

Duke Heading Backward with Alumni Trips to Cuba 1

By Javier Garcia-Bengochea y Bolivar, [Durham] Herald-Sun guest columnist

I am a Duke alumnus and Cuban exile, one of more than a million people forced to flee Cuba virtually penniless since 1959 as well as one of 14 million Cubans in Cuba and worldwide collectively robbed of their property, rights, freedoms and heritage as Cubans. Fortunately, I was not one of the hundred thousand who died trying to escape Cuba. As you read this, Duke returns from another alumni trip to Cuba, exploiting a loophole in U.S. law. Travel to Cuba is chic. “Everybody” is doing it and so, too, is Duke. Yet, this is not an innocent enterprise. Time has passed, but not as a catalyst for change in Cuba. Cubans continue to be denied property rights, including their civil rights and vote and are more repressed each year. Americans speciously believe that exposing Cubans to them will bring change. For Duke this “opportunity to learn” and be part of “the conversation about Cuba” occurs entirely in a vacuum.

The isolation of Cuba over five decades extends well beyond the U.S. embargo, which has obscured what Cuba is, an international pariah due to perpetually hostile policies towards her people and her partners, past and present. Since the Cuban missile crisis exposed Fidel Castro as the most dangerous figure since Stalin, democratic nations have spent trillions of dollars fighting Cuban aggression on every continent. Cuba has been a haven for terrorist groups, including the PLO, ETA, FARC and probably al-Qaeda. Cuba seeks our enemies for alliances. The Castro regime has defaulted on more than $75 billion of international debt, excluding several hundred billion dollars in damages to former property owners in Cuba. Cuba continues to expropriate foreign assets in Cuba without compensation. Cuban agents rob U.S. taxpayers through Medicare fraud estimated to be billions of dollars and facilitate drug trafficking. Cuba is unrepentant for taking an American, Alan Gross, hostage. These are only a few of their sins.

The result has been the systematic destruction of virtually all material and social value in Cuba. Only the vices, the pre-revolutionary past, Cuba’s natural resources and the indomitable spirit of the Cuban people remain to be exploited. Tourism, the regime’s last hope for hard currency, will eventually exhaust these, too. Duke, in its complicity, contends Cuba travel is an academic exercise. Really? These trips are entirely scripted and choreographed by the Cuban state or, more precisely, the oligarchs who control the Cuban economy. These elites select the hotels, restaurants, and events, even supplying the “dissenting” voices aimed to bamboozle Duke alumni that Cuba tolerates free speech. Duke accepts this indoctrination without question. Such bias in the work of any Duke student would be categorically rejected. As an academic and intellectual exercise, these trips are pure fraud. Duke never considered that the majority of the items and venues in their November trip, “The Art & Architecture of Cuba,” are stolen, not only from Americans and Cubans in exile, but from the millions of Cubans still living in Cuba.

And the money paid to travel agents (yes, selected by the regime) and spent in Cuba? Into private corporations managed by the oligarchs, many of which are registered in other countries. These control the tourist industry, stores and medical services for foreigners and Cuban elites, which exclude ordinary Cubans. Not one Duke dollar funds the purported social benefits of the revolution, which have become illusory.
Duke dismisses that until recently it was illegal for most Cubans to visit the tourist hotels, restaurants and stores, mostly because these Cubans were stereotyped as black, panhandlers and prostitutes. That they are mostly black and the elites who host Duke are mostly white is no coincidence and is emblematic of “Cuban socialism.”

To wit: Cuba’s two-currency system of the convertible peso (CUC) and the traditional peso (CUP). Duke pays the Cuban tourist enterprise in CUCs (~US$1), the legal tender for foreigners, while Cuban workers are paid in CUPs (~US$0.04), the legal tender for Cubans, by the Cuban entity as if the two were equal. Duke is indifferent to this fact. Discrimination is, therefore, maintained through poverty. The two-currency system is outright theft from ordinary Cubans and is legal and institutional apartheid; it is slavery. Apparently this offends no one at Duke, not even within the Gang of 88. Duke’s Cuba travel only strengthens the real embargo of Cuba: the internal embargo of goods and services between these oligarchs — Cuba’s 1 percent that consumes resources, produces nothing and, most perniciously, is accountable to absolutely no one — and the Cuban people. Ironically, this disgraceful situation coincides with Duke’s capital campaign targeting its prosperous alumni, made so by strong property rights and the rule of law, which Duke disparages for Cuba. Such naiveté and hypocrisy occurs to the delight of their Cuban hosts. Duke Forward? Evidently not.

Dr. Javier Garcia-Bengochea y Bolivar is a neurosurgeon and 1981 Duke graduate. Born in Havana, Cuba, he lives in Jacksonville, Fla.

Cuba’s Terrorist Allies Open Peace Talks With Enraged Rhetoric 3

Harsh rebel rhetoric as Colombian peace talks open

By Vivian Sequera, Associated Press

HURDAL, Norway (AP) – Colombia’s first peace talks in a decade were inaugurated Thursday a half world away with a demonstration of just how widely the two sides differ on how to end a vexing, nearly five-decade-old conflict. The Oslo talks were brief, symbolic and largely perfunctory. Held at a secret venue, they lasted seven hours and were followed by word that substantive talks will begin Nov. 15 in the Cuban capital of Havana. The next round will tackle “comprehensive agrarian development,” though little else appears to have been agreed upon.

The government’s lead negotiator, Humberto de la Calle, sought to set a businesslike, cordial tone in brief remarks at a joint news conference at a lakeside hotel north of Oslo. He said the government seeks “mutual dignified treatment” in the talks and doesn’t expect the sides to see eye-to-eye ideologically. His opposite number from the Western Hemisphere’s last remaining major insurgency, Ivan Marquez, said the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, had come to Oslo “with an olive branch.”

Then he began railing against Colombia’s “corrupt oligarchy,” its alleged masters in Washington, “state-sponsored violence,” the government’s “deceptive and backward” land policies, and the “vampires” of transnational oil and mining that FARC says are ravaging the nation. “We want to denounce the crime of capitalism and neo-liberalism,” Marquez said during a 35-minute discourse that denounced some companies and individuals by name, including a cousin of President Juan Manuel Santos and a relative of 1 of the government negotiators.

Members of the government team, separated from the FARC negotiators at a long table by Norwegian and Cuban diplomats who have acted as facilitators, looked bored and slightly annoyed, some crossing their arms, others propping up chins with hands. “There is a great chasm between the two parties that is going to be very difficult to overcome,” said political scientist Vicente Torrijos at Bogota’s Universidad del Rosario.

Colombia’s business community is also hostile to the FARC. Its TV and radio stations cut away to commercials early in the FARC’s separate news conference Thursday. Land ownership issues are at the heart of Colombia’s conflict, which is fueled by cocaine trafficking and aggravated by far-right militias that have colluded with a military widely questioned for human right abuses. Colombia’s most fertile land has been largely concentrated in the hands of cattle ranchers and drug traffickers. Colombia’s president has said he expects the talks to last months, not years, as did the failed 1999-2002 talks that were held in a Switzerland-sized safe haven. Santos ruled out a safe haven this time and rejected FARC’s request for a cease-fire.

Article continues here:  http://www.whig.com/story/19858106/harsh-rebel-rhetoric-as-colombian-peace-talks-open

Colombia Nears Possible FARC Peace Talks Reply

By Andres Schipani in Lima, Financial Times

Colombia’s government and representatives of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, agreed to begin peace talks during a meeting in communist-led Cuba, local media reported on Monday.  President Juan Manuel Santos’ government was to meet with emissaries of the Marxist guerrilla group first in Oslo and then Havana in October to end the Andean country’s 48-year old armed conflict, local radio station RCN reported.  Officially confirming part of the speculation, Mr Santos said in a statement on Monday evening that “there have been exploratory talks with the FARC to seek an end to conflict … In the coming days the results will be announced. Colombians can rest assured that the government is acting with prudence, seriousness and firmness.”  “The negotiations will start October 5 in Oslo and will then move to Havana where they will discuss justice, demobilisation, impunity, drug-trafficking, agrarian issues, among others,” said Francisco Santos, the president’s cousin and a former vice-president. “It will be a complex agenda.”

Colombia has experienced a dramatic turnround in the past 10 years, but the guerrillas are still a menace. After a recent uptick in violence, senior government representatives have reportedly met in Cuba’s capital with members of the rebel group to negotiate conditions for formal peace.  A source familiar with Colombia’s peace process told the Financial Times the deal will happen and will be announced soon. “This will be an exit accord, what the FARC are negotiating is their dignity. Time is running against them, the guerrilla is not eternal any more as we once thought it was,” explained Jorge Restrepo, a security analyst with the Javeriana University in Bogotá. “This is the first time after previous attempts that I see we are moving towards something.”

Since taking office two years ago, Mr Santos has been signaling his willingness to participate in peace talks, yet he had also led some of the most crushing military strikes against the FARC – the region’s longest-running rebel group which still has an estimated force of 8,000 fighters. Its current leader, Timoleón Jiménez – known as ‘Timochenko’ – said in March it was it was “worth breaking the vicious circle and betting on peace.”  “This will be an agreement with a very fragmented FARC sitting at one end of the table and a very strong Colombia, military as well as economically, at the other end,” said Mr Restrepo. An anonymous intelligence source cited by Reuters said Colombia’s government has agreed that FARC leaders would not be extradited to another country to stand trial.

Colombia’s second-largest rebel group, the National Liberation Army, or ELN, said on Monday it would also be willing to hold unconditional peace talks.  “We are open; it’s exactly our proposal, to seek room for open dialogue without conditions and start to discuss the nation’s biggest problems,” the group’s leader Nicolás Rodríguez told Reuters. However, he stressed his group refuses to end its practices of kidnapping, bomb attacks and extortion of foreign oil and mining companies before negotiations officially start.

While the majority of political parties in Colombia’s Congress support the possible negotiations, Mr Santos’ predecessor and former ally, Álvaro Uribe, has openly rejected the peace talks.  Last Wednesday, in a surprise move, Mr Santos asked for all 16 ministers to resign as part of a cabinet reshuffle to shore up his slumping approval ratings. Analysts believe he is now focused on building “a cabinet for peace” looking at his potential re-election in two years.  Local media reports that when Colombia’s president met with his Venezuelan counterpart, leftist Hugo Chávez, in northern Colombia in 2010 Mr Santos requested his assistance to mediate the preliminary talks.   “This is good timing for both presidents,” explained Francisco Santos, the former vice-president; “this might also help them securing re-elections, Chávez in October and Santos in two years.”

Editor’s Note:  The Castro regime has a long history of using its intelligence services to subvert peace negotiations involving allied guerrilla groups.  For a detailed case study of one example, see:  Manipulating the Contadora Peace Process

This Date in History: Cuba Caught Aiding Irish & Colombian Terrorists 2

August 11, 2001:  Colombian police arrested three members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA).  Captured in Bogota, all three had apparently been providing specialized bomb-making expertise to the FARC.  One of the three arrested was Nial Connolly, the IRA’s representative to Cuba since 1996. The BBC and Irish Times reported that Connolly trained at several Cuban military camps and was funded by the Cuban government. The European media also reported that Cuba acted as the conduit between the IRA and the FARC, which maintained a permanent presence in Havana.  Bob Graham, Chair of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence went further, stating that Cuba “is the Latin American headquarters for the Irish Republican Army” and continued to materially support the FARC, especially in the medical arena.

US State Dept: Cuba Remains on Terrorism List 2

Country Reports on Terrorism 2011

Chapter 3: State Sponsors of Terrorism

Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism

July 31, 2012

In order to designate a country as a State Sponsor of Terrorism, the Secretary of State must determine that the government of such country has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism. Once a country has been designated, it continues to be a State Sponsor of Terrorism until the designation is rescinded in accordance with statutory criteria. A wide range of sanctions are imposed as a result of a State Sponsor of Terrorism designation, including:

  • A ban on arms-related exports and sales.
  • Controls over exports of dual-use items, requiring 30-day Congressional notification for goods or services that could significantly enhance the terrorist-list country’s military capability or ability to support terrorism.
  • Prohibitions on economic assistance.
  • Imposition of miscellaneous financial and other restrictions.


Cuba was designated as a State Sponsor of Terrorism in 1982. Current and former members of Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) continue to reside in Cuba. Three suspected ETA members were arrested in Venezuela and deported back to Cuba in September 2011 after sailing from Cuba. One of them, Jose Ignacio Echarte, is a fugitive from Spanish law and was also believed to have ties to the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). Reports suggested that the Cuban government was trying to distance itself from ETA members living on the island by employing tactics such as not providing services including travel documents to some of them. Press reporting indicated that the Cuban government provided medical care and political assistance to the FARC. There was no indication that the Cuban government provided weapons or paramilitary training for either ETA or the FARC.

The Cuban government continued to permit fugitives wanted in the United States to reside in Cuba and also provided support such as housing, food ration books, and medical care for these individuals.

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has identified Cuba as having strategic AML/CFT deficiencies. Despite sustained and consistent overtures, Cuba has refused to substantively engage directly with the FATF. It has not committed to FATF standards and it is not a member of a FATF-style regional body, although in 2011 it did attend a Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering in South America meeting as a guest and prepared an informal document describing its anti-money laundering/counterterrorist financing system.

Read the rest of this year’s report here:  http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/2011/195547.htm

More information on State Sponsor of Terrorism designations may be found online at http://www.state.gov/j/ct/c14151.htm