Cuba’s Intelligence Masterstroke in Venezuela Reply

Poster of deceased Venezuelan dictator Hugo Chavez.

By Jose Miguel Alonso-Trabanco,

Much has been said about the behavior of Venezuela’s Bolivarian regime, its evolving character, its dramatic economic mismanagement, and the impact it has projected throughout the American hemisphere, including its bilateral ties to Cuba.

At a first glance, it would seem that – based on classical international relations scholarship referents when it comes to assessing national power such as population, territory, natural resources, and sheer economic size – Venezuela is the senior partner. Yet a crucial factor is missing to examine how the balance of power truly works in the dynamic framework of said bilateral relation.

Beyond the evident ideological, political, and diplomatic affinities between the rulers of both countries, the crucial factor that has been overlooked even by most experts is the strong presence and operational intensity of Cuban intelligence agencies in Venezuela. A different picture – one that challenges conventional wisdom – might emerge when one considers this angle.

Such a topic is important considering its deep geopolitical implications. It also raises pertinent questions: What if Venezuela is not necessarily the senior partner after all? The fact that it has not been addressed is perhaps a result of the intrinsically covert nature of intelligence activities. Moreover, both regimes are not precisely known for their compliance with basic transparency standards. In practice, that means relevant and reliable information about it is notoriously scarce. Nevertheless, the analysis of what open sources provide is useful to elaborate a more or less accurate – yet broad – situational assessment.

Profile of Cuban Intelligence Services

According to conventional wisdom, effective foreign intelligence capabilities are usually associated with great powers. The American CIA, the British MI6, the Israeli Mossad, the Russian SVR and the like often come to mind whenever the term is mentioned. Of course, such perception is hardly unjustified. In contrast, Cuba is certainly far from being a great power, yet the reach of its intelligence services must not be underestimated.

The Cuban Intelligence Directorate – known as G2 – was initially trained by the Soviet KGB and the Stasi, the East German Ministry of State Security, the strongest intelligence agencies of the Socialist bloc during the Cold War. Moreover, the resilience that has played a key role in the survival of the Cuban communist regime for six decades can be at least partially attributed to its intelligence services’ abilities to monitor internal dissent, consolidate political rule, and keep at bay external rivals. It is even said that Fidel Castro himself was the target of hundreds of unsuccessful assassination attempts.

It is known that the Cuban intelligence community recruits promising college students, especially from social science programs. Its training and methods are based on the development of professionalism rather than improvisation, unlike other Latin American intelligence agencies. Furthermore, a heavy ideological ingredient promotes a strong morale.

Another aspect worth emphasizing is that Cuban intelligence has not just assumed a defensive position. Actually, it has been remarkably active abroad for decades. For instance, it supported several Marxist insurgencies in Central and South America during the Cold War. It has also managed to infiltrate US national security agencies and Cuban American political groups hostile to Havana’s socialist regime.

Last but not least, Cuban intelligence supported the military involvement of the country’s armed forces in extra-regional operational theatres such as Angola, Vietnam, and even the Middle East during the Yom Kippur War.

In short, despite Cuba’s structural limitations – including its precarious economy – the country’s intelligence services represent a big asset in terms of power projection. In effect, they need to be understood as a substantial force multiplier.

Article continues here: Cubans in Venezuela


Cuban ‘Dissident’ Says He Was Really an Infiltrator 3

State Security collaborator Ernesto Vera

State Security collaborator Ernesto Vera

Lawyer Ernesto Vera said his main task was to attack and sow discord within two key Cuban opposition groups on the island.

By Juan O. Tamayo,

A Cuban lawyer has confessed that he was a State Security collaborator for the four years he spent portraying himself as a dissident and harshly attacking two of the country’s most active opposition groups.

Ernesto Vera, 34, had been accused of being a collaborator last year, but his confession cast a rare spotlight on how State Security agents recruit informants and pay them thousands of dollars to discredit dissidents and generate rivalries among them.

Vera also pointed a finger at five other Cubans who in his view have been suspiciously critical of the Cuban Patriotic Union (UNPACU) and the Ladies in White, the largest and most aggressive dissident groups on the communist-ruled island.

“My mission within State Security was to disparage and discredit UNPACU, especially its leader, José Daniel Ferrer, and the Ladies in White,” Vera told el Nuevo Herald by phone Wednesday from his home in the eastern city of Santiago De Cuba.

But he said he sat for a 44-minute video taped confession to Ferrer earlier this month because he was “disgusted with so many lies, the double life and faking a friendly relationship with people I hated so much.”

The two men shook hands at the end of the video.

State Security began the slow work of recruiting him as “Agent Jorge” after he was fired as a law professor at a medical school in Santiago, he said. Until then, he had been only on the periphery of dissident groups.

People who identified themselves as dissidents arranged to meet him in public places. But they were State Security agents and their meetings were videotaped — recordings then used to blackmail him into becoming an informant in 2010, Vera said. They also threatened to kill his mother and make it look like an accident unless he cooperated.

“I am ashamed to say I was a coward,” he told el Nuevo Herald, confirming that he had recorded the talk with Ferrer and written a three-page confession dated July 5 and published Tuesday by UNPACU.

“All of my attacks on José Daniel Ferrer and the Ladies in White were ordered by State Security,” he said. They were part of a one-two punch, “to discredit the dissidents and lessen the impact of the repression when it came.”

The lawyer said he falsely accused Ferrer of stealing money sent by supporters abroad and abusing his wife. He and another infiltrator also sparked the biggest schism within the Ladies in White, causing about 30 members in Santiago to break with the main group.

Vera said he wrote the attacks with information and photos provided by State Security Col. Ernesto Samper. He was paid several thousand dollars over four years so he could send his columns abroad via the Internet, which costs $6 to $10 per hour in Cuba.

Read more here: State Security agent Ernesto Vera

Editor’s Note:  For additional background, also see Cuban Dissidents Plant a Hoax to Trap Government Spies and Ladies in White Resign Over Alleged State Security Infiltrator



G2 Cubano Amplía Campaña de Espionaje en Venezuela 2

La inteligencia se está concentrando en medios de comunicación.

Frank Lopez Ballesteros, el Universal

La Habana reforzó su red de espías para vigilar no solo a figuras de la oposición y personalidades públicas venezolanas, sino que ahora se concentra en medios de comunicación privados, revela una fuente.

Los objetivos de la inteligencia cubana en Venezuela “son los mismos desde 1999, se concentra en adoctrinamiento, rastreo a la información, profiláctico individual y colectivo a opositores”, explica una fuente de la inteligencia cubana que ha estado vinculada a esas operaciones bajo anonimato.

“El hackeo desde Cuba a las cuentas de correos electrónicos y otras plataformas de los opositores más importantes al proceso” es uno de los aspectos en lo que está profundizando el espionaje cubano al servicio del Estado venezolano, sostiene.

“Tengo la información cierta de que lo que viene para los diarios El Universal y El Nacional en materia de infiltración de inteligencia cubana es de mayor cuantía, bien profesional y de difícil captación”, advierte la fuente.

Desde hace una década, conocidos miembros de la seguridad del Estado cubano (G2) están en Venezuela para labores de formación y adoctrinamiento dentro de las cúpulas políticas comunistas y exguerrillas que hoy forman a jóvenes con ideología marxista en el país.

En Venezuela estuvo destacado para estas labores Ulises Estrada, uno de los hombres clave en el apoyo de Cuba a movimientos revolucionarios en América Latina y en África.

Junto a él estuvo Fabián Escalante, exjefe de la Inteligencia cubana, camuflado de escritor. Ambos reforzaron el adoctrinamiento a venezolanos y a otros cubanos en el país.

“Estrada ya no está en Venezuela como jefe del Centro (de operaciones)”, aclara la fuente, para quien el interés de los espías cubanos y venezolanos por el hackeo de la información de opositores y periodistas de estos medios de comunicación “intenta hilar redes de conexión entre detractores del Gobierno y los medios para desactivar potenciales amenazas”.

La decisión del presidente Hugo Chávez en 2010 por la que el vicepresidente del Consejo de Estado y ministro de Informática y Telecomunicaciones cubano, Ramiro Valdés, asesorara al país en materia energética, “no buscaba otra cosa que una acción operativa y activa de desinformación para comenzar a reorganizar los servicios de espionaje y contraespionaje de Venezuela” en momentos de tensión, dijo una fuente.

El presidente cubano Raúl Castro ha cambiado su estrategia represiva contra opositores en la isla con arrestos de corta duración, imposición de multas, agresiones físicas, actos de repudio y acciones vandálicas, a diferencias de las largas condenas con las que Fidel Castro identificó su régimen.

Uno de los últimos casos representativos fue el disidente cubano Guillermo Fariñas, que denunció el 11 de septiembre que fue detenido y maltratado durante unas cinco horas por oficiales vestidos de civil.

La Comisión Cubana de Derechos Humanos y Reconciliación denunció que bajo las mismas circunstancias en agosto se registraron “las cifras más altas de represión política” en la isla en 2013, con unas 547 detenciones arbitrarias.

Andollo Valdez, el General Cubano que debe aplastar rebeliones,… en Venezuela 3


Leonardo Andollo Valdes

Leonardo Andollo Valdes – Cubavision

ANTONIO SÁNCHEZ GARCIA: Hugo Chávez en La Habana y este ejército de ocupación en Venezuela:


Contingente :


2 Generales de Brigada, (1 en Fuerte Tiuna, otro en Barquisimeto), 4 coroneles, 8 tenientes coroneles y 6 capitanes de fragata y 25 oficiales subalternos.

Con Sala Situacional independiente instalada en Fuerte Tiuna (Servicio de Remonta) y conectada WF encriptado por cable con el Centro de Operaciones de Comando de Valle Picadura en la Habana.

Bajo el comando, desde La Habana, del general de División Leonardo Andollo Valdez. (Actualmente en Venezuela desde hace 11 días).

Viaja a Venezuela cada 15 días a realizar reuniones de Estado Mayor para afinamiento de operaciones.

Estas tropas entran a Venezuela y salen hacia Cuba para sus reemplazos constantemente, por una pista de aterrizaje ubicada en Apure, y por la Rampa (Base aérea) 2 del aeropuerto de Maracaibo.

Andollo Valdes

Andollo Valdez – Presentación en Fuerte Tiuna – archivo


4.500 hombres de infantería

– Organizados en 8 batallones de 500 efectivos, más un batallón estacionado en Fuerte Tiuna.

LLEGADOS A VENEZUELA A PARTIR DE ENERO DE 2012. Estos nuevos contingentes remplazaron los anteriores que comenzaron a llegar en enero y agosto 2011.

Generales :

En la Jefatura del Estado Mayor:

1.- Jefe: General de División Leonardo Andollo Valdez, 60 años, de teniente estuvo en Angola, segundo jefe del Estado Mayor de las FARC en Cuba, coordinador del “Movimiento Bolivariano”. Vice director del Partido Comunista de Cuba.

Dirige en Venezuela la “Operación Bastión” que es el nombre de las Plan que realizaran los batallones cubanos estacionados en Venezuela en caso de una “emergencia” ante cambios políticos el 7 Octubre.


2.-General de Brigada Herminio Hernández Rodríguez, Comisario Político asesor de la Sala Situacional de Miraflores.

Experto en operaciones urbanas; en manejo de situaciones de crisis. Asesor del CEO y con sede en la JEM de la II División en Fuerte Tiuna.

Maneja la Orden de Operaciones para enfrentar (incluyendo empleo de las Milicias) situaciones de desorden civil en 11 ciudades del país sofocar el 7-O y posterior al 07 Octubre, o en cualquier situación que se desencadene.

Alejandro Ronda Marrero

– lanuevacuba.c


General de Brigada Alejandro Ronda Marrero.

Este general (Reporta directamente lo que le interesa al Mayor General Hugo Carvajal, actualmente máxima autoridad de la inteligencia nacional con el cargo de Súper Vice Ministro para la investigación Penal).




Ramiro Valdez y Hugo Chavez

Ramiro Valdez y Hugo Chávez – Soberaní

Ronda es subalterno del Comandante Ramiro Valdez Menéndez en Cuba que es -a su vez- el 2do Jefe de la Inteligencia Cubana de las FARC.

Ronda Marrero bajo la jefatura del Mayor General Hugo Carvajal Barrios, quien reporta directamente al Presidente de la Republica, coordina, asesora y dirige desde la DIM-Boleíta en la Div. Telemática, en coordinación con el SEBIN-DIE todas las operaciones de inteligencia y contra inteligencia militar y civil (Comando campaña de Capriles y partidos políticos, y, de militares en servicio activo con comando de tropas, de oficiales superiores).

Maneja Personal de oficiales cubano, iraní y chino. Opera desde la JEM de la II división del Ejercito Fte. Tiuna. Tienen injerencia en las Sala Situacional de Miraflores y del Ejército.

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